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Biomechanics of the Foot

by Chuck Wolf |  Date Released : 03 Oct 2006

  • Introduction
  • Most programming is for the calf up
  • 33 joints, 26 bones, 24 muscles
  • Three regions – rear, mid and fore foot
  • Rear foot – bicycle
  • Mid foot – reacts to what goes on with rear foot
  • Fore foot – has it’s own action which reacts to what happens with rear and mid foot
  • “Normal” foot action and chain reaction of walking
  • Following chain reaction up through tibia
  • Steps to normal foot action
  • Staggered stance exercise
  • Absorption and propulsion
  • We want foot to spread out and absorb forces
  • Momentary stabilization
  • What happens as body moves ahead of foot – rigid level of propulsion
  • Three phases of movement – pre-load, stabilize and unload
  • Finding dysfunction in the foot… what’s going on? Why?
  • How can we create an environment in which the muscles will be successful?
  • Site of injury is almost never the problem
  • Foot - source or symptom?
  • Role of orthotics
  • Tracking injuries to the foot in baseball pitchers
  • Orthotics and insoles as doorways to rehab and enhanced performance
  • Functional and structural challenges and injuries
  • High arch foot misconceptions
  • Allow the foot to integrate with other parts of the body
  • Foot must be able to communicate with hip
  • Multi-directional activities for standing position
  • 3-D tri-plane loading
  • Simple test – single leg balance roling foot in and out
  • Single leg balance with anterior reach
  • Toe in and toe out with foot
  • Single leg squat
  • Gary Gray Functional Video Digest - Volume 1.4
  • Get a few key tools and go!
  • Conclusion

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Chuck Wolf

About the author: Chuck Wolf

Chuck Wolf has a Masters of Science Degree in Exercise Physiology from George Williams College and specializes in Applied Biomechanics. He presently is the Director of Human Motion Associates in Orlando, Florida, consulting with clients ranging from the rehabilitation setting to professional athletes of the highest level including many of the top 50 PGA players in the world and numerous professional baseball players. He has emerged as a leader of functional anatomy and biomechanics within the fitness and sports performance industries and works extensively with internal medicine physicians, orthopedic specialists and physical therapists addressing musculoskeletal issues and developing corrective exercise programs. Chuck has presented at many national and international conferences, written dozens of articles and produced many educational videos in the areas of human motion, sports science and human performance.

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