At what age does our bone density reach a maximum or static level? In short, when can we no longer increase bone density but only maintain it through proper diet and exercise? I have heard that studies have submitted age 18 as the point where we can no longer add to our current levels, while a friend of mine who is a nurse has suggested age 30 as the cut-off point. Hence, can we increase bone density in clients over age 30 or merely maintain their current levels?
Achieving peak bone mass is thought to occur as late as age 35. After this, the average person slowly loses bone mineral density (BMD). Young people increase BMD from exercise at a greater rate than older people. Some data shows a slow rate of increase in BMD from exercise in an adult population, so it is possible that an older sedentary person may increase BMD after beginning an exercise program. The increase would be small (some suggest approximately one to three percent), and the exercise may have to be maintained to keep the benefits. Even if BMD does not increase in the older exerciser, exercise should slow the rate of bone loss. Of course, one should not forget the role proper nutrition plays in all of this...