I am looking for information on abdominal tears, specifically the linea alba. Typically how long is recovery, and can overuse cause a tear to occur?
An abdominal tear is an injury to the muscles or tendons of the abdominal wall, or injury to the places where muscles or tendons attach to the pelvic bones. A strain occurs at the weakest part of a unit. Even though you have mentioned a general area (linea alba), more may be affected!
- Abdominal muscles, tendons
- Bones in the abdominal area:
- Pubic bone
- Iliac crest
- Soft tissue surrounding the strain, including nerves, covering to bone (periosteum), blood vessels and lymph vessels.
The recovery time will depend on the severity of the strain. Use the guide below to determine your individual case.
- Mild (grade 1) – A slight pull without tearing of muscle or tendon fibers. There usually is no loss of strength.
- Moderate (grade 2) – Tearing of fibers in a muscle, tendon or at the attachment to a bone. Strength is diminished.
- Severe (grade 3) – Rupture of the muscle-tendon-bone attachment with separation of fibers. Severe strain requires surgical repair. Chronic strains are caused by overuse (very popular with traditional, non-function approaches to weight training). Acute strains are caused by direct injury or overstress.
AVERAGE HEALING TIMES
- Mild strain – two to 10 days
- Moderate – 10 days to six weeks
- Severe – six to 10 weeks
Most injuries occur as a result of motor control deficits, especially when the muscles are fatigued. Focus on core exercises and progress into function. An individualized functional exercise program will appropriately load the deconditioned or injured tissue and stimulate repair and reconditioning of the kinetic chain.